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我國重點人群重點傳染病預防素養調查問卷信度效度評價
作者: 胡俊峰  孔浩南  李雨波  柴燕  李莉  寧艷  胡桃  高芳   
單位:中國健康教育中心(衛生部新聞宣傳中心)  山西省大同市健康教育所  
關鍵詞:傳染病  預防素養  調查問卷  信度  效度  
分類號:R184
出版年,卷(期):頁碼:2011,27(4):282-284
摘要:

目的評價我國重點人群重點傳染病預防素養調查問卷的信度和效度。方法采用隨機抽樣方法抽取北京市流動人口150人、湖北省中小學生120人、內蒙古牧區居民110人、湖北省洪澇災害易發地區居民120人和寧夏貧困地區居民110人,進行兩次重點傳染病預防素養問卷調查,并對問卷進行信度、效度評價。結果 5類人群調查問卷的Cronbach’sα系數均大于0.8,具有良好的內部一致性。各問卷的重測信度Spearman相關系數均大于0.6,各指標P值均小于0.01。結構效度因子分析顯示提取公因子累計貢獻率均大于50%,結構效度較為理想。結論本問卷的信度、效度良好,可用于重點人群重點傳染病預防素養的調查

Objective To evaluate the reliability and validity of the health literacy questionnaire for priority infectious diseases prevention among priority populations in China.Methods 150 urban floating population from Beijing City,120 primary and secondary students from Hubei Province,110 residents of pastoral areas from Inner Mongolia Autonomous Region,120 residents of flood prone areas from Hubei Province and 110 residents of poor areas from Ningxia Autonomous Region were selected by random sampling and were surveyed twice,and then the reliability and validity of questionnaires were evaluated.Results All Cronbach’s α coefficients from 5 kinds of population surveys were more than 0.8 and the internal consistency of questionnaires was high.Test-retest reliability spearman coefficients from 5 kinds of population surveys were more than 0.6(P<0.01).The factor analysis of structure validity showed that all cumulative contribution rates of extracted common factors were more than 50% and the structure validity of questionnaires was high.Conclusion The questionnaires had good reliability and validity.The questionnaires should be applied in the health literacy investigation of priority infectious diseases prevention among priority populations in China. 

基金項目:
科技部國家科技支撐計劃重點項目(2008BAI56B05)
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