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北京市公務員超重、肥胖及生活方式調查
作者: 趙芳紅  劉敏  萬國鋒  李英華   
單位:北京市疾病預防控制中心  中國疾病預防控制中心  中國健康教育中心(衛生部新聞宣傳中心)  
關鍵詞:超重  肥胖  生活方式  公務員  
分類號:R195
出版年,卷(期):頁碼:2012,28(1):87-90
摘要:

目的了解北京市公務員的超重、肥胖及生活方式狀況,為相關干預措施的開展提供理論依據。方法本調查采取普查的方式,對49家北京市機關在編的全體公務員進行自填式問卷調查。結果被調查公務員中,超重率為37.3%,肥胖率為9.1%。超重肥胖者的總吸煙率是55.3%,其中男性吸煙率66.8%,女性吸煙率5.2%,51~60歲人群吸煙率最高;超重和肥胖者中幾乎每天都飲酒的占9.6%,男性飲酒的頻率高于女性,年齡較大者高于年齡較小者。在體育鍛煉方面,超重和肥胖的調查者中僅有23.0%進行規律的體育鍛煉,年長者進行規律鍛煉的比例明顯高于年輕者;公務員中超重肥胖者每天靜坐6小時以上者占42.2%,女性、年齡較小者靜坐時間長;其平均睡眠時間為6.8小時;25.2%的被調查者最近兩周有不能排解的心理壓力,年齡越小者報告最近兩周有不能排解的心理壓力的比例越大。多因素Logistic回歸分析顯示:吸煙、高頻率飲酒和高頻率油炸食品的攝入是超重/肥胖的危險因素,而常進行體育鍛煉、新鮮水果的攝入則是?;ひ蛩?。結論北京市公務員中超重、肥胖患病率較高,普遍存在著行為、飲食方面的不良習慣,應該盡快采取綜合措施,開展針對性干預措施。

Objective To understand the overweight/obesity status and lifestyle among civil servants in Beijing.Methods All of the civil servants of 49 government agencies which located in Beijing were investigated.Results The prevalence rates of overweight and obesity of the participants were 37.3% and 9.1%.The rates of smoking among overweight and obesity civil servants were 55.3%,and 66.8% for males,5.2% for females.The persons which were 51-60 years old had higher smoking rate than any other age steps.9.6% of overweight and obesity civil servants almost drank every day,and older were senior than younger.On the condition of physical exercising,only 23.0% of overweight and obesity investigators exercise regularly,and the rates of the male and the older were better than those of the female and the younger.42.2% of them were sitting more than 6 hours every day,and the females and the older were sitting more time.The average sleeping time was 6.8 hours per day.Uncomfortable pressure was existed among 25.2% of overweight and obesity investigators,and the rate of the younger were senior than that of older.Multi-logistic regression showed that smoking,drinking,highly oil contained diet were risk factors of overweight and obesity,and active physical exercise and highly vegetable contained diet were protective factors of overweight and obesity.Conclusion The prevalence of overweight and obesity is high among civil servants in Beijing.There are bad habits of behaviors and diets among them.Comprehensive measures should be taken to deal with overweight and obesity. 

基金項目:
科技部863項目(2008AA02Z403)
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